General Defensive Tactics Introduction

An introduction to the basic defensive tactics programs to follow in the OVA.

This is an online only (virtual) training course that introduces the viewer to training weapons, the Tueller Drill (commonly called “21 foot rule”), defending from a grounded position and the differences between pain compliance versus body mechanics. The pros and cons of training weapons are discussed with a focus on the benefits that can be provided if they are incorporated into training early enough in an academy setting. The research of Dennis Tueller and the resulting 21 Foot Rule is reviewed and it’s demonstrated how an opponent inside, and much farther away than, 21 feet armed with an edged weapon or bludgeon weapon presents an immediate threat. Methods of defending from a grounded position and proper concerns for regaining a standing position are discussed and demonstrated. Finally, the difference between body mechanics and pain compliance is demonstrated and discussed with a focus on showing the benefit of using body mechanics for subject control. 

The course includes a PowerPoint slide show that corresponds to the four training videos. The total viewing time for the videos is approximately 22 minutes broken down into four segments. For viewer’s reference there is also a downloadable PDF version of the PowerPoint presentation, perfect for use in taking notes. A course syllabus and extra reading resources are also included in the training materials. 

If there are any questions with regard to the content, please contact the instructor: Lt. Frank Borelli via email to

Course Location

This is a virtual course, offered online only and available to registered users of the Officer Virtual Academy at all times.

Course Description

In this course, Instructors Borelli and Nance discuss the use of Realistic but inert and safe training weapons; the Tueller Drill; fighting on the ground versus standing and general Body Mechanics.


There are no prerequisites for attending this program.

Course Sequencing

It is recommended that this course be viewed after “Boyd’s Cycle Applied to Conflict Survival.” The student will benefit from understanding the full impact of Boyd’s Cycle on conflict situations as they view the observations about lethal force and defensive tactics scenarios.


Lt. Frank Borelli – LE Instructor / Editorial Director
With over 35 years of operational experience and more than 30 years of instructional experience, Lt. Borelli has taught programs involving firearms, defensive tactics, officer survival, active shooter response and more to officers from all levels of government to include city, county, state, federal and military. He remains active in law enforcement, continually training and being trained to keep his skills up to date and sharp. 

Sgt. Richard Nance – LE Instructor / SWAT experience / TV personality 
Richard Nance is a veteran police officer and former SWAT team leader. He is the co-owner of WARTAC, a company that provides training in firearms, tactics, and personal defense. Nance cohosts Handguns & Defensive Weapons, a new television series on the Sportsman Channel. 

Not Enrolled

Course Includes

  • 4 Lessons
  • Course Certificate